Introduction to Probability
Lecture
Probability Rules
 Probability of mutually exclusive events A or B
 Probability of not mutually exclusive events A or B
 Probability of independent events A and B

Probability of dependent events A and B
 Together, the above probabilities reveal Bayes Theorem
R lab
Most R materials are available in slides. In addition, the function na.omit()
will remove all rows with NA’s from a data frame.